wainscoting: The lower section of a wall finish below the chair rail.

wane: The edge of a sawn board where the bark remains or is missing.

warping: Any distortion of a piece of wood from its true plane that may occur in seasoning. Bow, cup, twist.

wash coats: A thin solution of lacquer or other material applied over the stain to enrich it and to stiffen the fibers of the wood so they may be easily sanded. In special cases a wash coat is applied to the bare wood to prevent succeeding coats from discoloring it.

water based stain: Are made by adding hot water to universal tinting colors, then diluting the solution to the desired strength with cold water. They provide good grain clarity, but raise the grain and are slow to dry.

water jet saw: Is an industrial tool capable of cutting a wide variety of materials using a very high pressure stream of water. The stream of water is often referred to as a jet. The jet may or may not also have an abrasive material such as garnet added to aid in the

water spotting: The occurrence of whitish blemishes on a finish film in areas where water droplets have soaked into the film.

watt: A measurement of electrical power computed by multiplying volts times amps.

wave marks: Two or more irregularities in a floor occurring along the direction of travel of the floor sander. Generally 1 to 3” from peak to peak. Caused by imperfections already present in the floor that are transferred through the wheels of the big sanding machine

weathering: Mechanical and or chemical disintegration and discoloring of the surface of wood in exterior use, caused by exposure to light, action of sand and dust carried by the wind, and the alternate shrinking and swelling of surface fibers with the continual varia

western: Lumber that is logged from a region that includes all states west of line from central North Dakota to Central Texas.

wet film thickness: The thickness of a finishing agent immediately after application, before it begins to dry.

WHAD: Means Worm Holes A Defect.

white: Lumber that has been selected to have all sapwood on the face of the boards.

white wood: Raw wood freshly machined.

whitening: A condition brought about in the dried film of a coating material by the absorption of moisture.

WHND: Means Worm Holes No Defect.

wipe: Work in progress.

wiping stains: Thin pastes or thick liquids with pigment suspended in a solvent vehicle. Applied and wiped with a cloth to remove excess stain.

wire brushing: A method for imparting an artificial texture or distressed appearance to the surface of hardwood flooring.

worm holes: Voids in the wood caused by the burrowing action of certain wood infesting worms, which do not survive the kiln drying process.

Worm Holes A Defect: Refers to a grade of lumber known as Worm Holes a Defect, as the name implies any worm holes in the material are considered defects.

Worm Holes No Defect: Refers to a Grade of lumber known as Worm Holes No Defect, as the name implies worm holes are not considered a defect. Typically WHND is either used where the material is not exposed such as furniture frames, or it is used for an aesthetic appearance whe